This study examines the relationships between a mother's perception of
whether or not her minor children would live with her after incarceration, which is
related to role conflict experienced by incarcerated mothers, and the following
variables: (1) ethnicity, (2) mother's closeness to her parents while growing up,
and (3) whether or not minor children lived with the mother prior to incarceration.
A hierarchical log-linear model was used to analyze all variables and their
associations simultaneously. A statistically significant relationship was found
between whether or not mothers lived with their minor children prior to
incarceration and whether or not they perceive that they will live with them after
incarceration. Women who lived with any of their minor children prior to
incarceration were more likely to expect to live with them after incarceration. A
significantly statistic relationship was also found between whether or not mothers
lived with their minor children prior to incarceration and ethnicity. African
American women tended to expect to live with their children after incarceration
more so than women of other ethnicities.