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dc.contributor.advisorCoryell, Joellen E.
dc.contributor.advisorPrice, Larry R.
dc.contributor.authorLapina Salazar, Angelina ( Orcid Icon 0000-0002-9583-9911 )
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-02T16:00:45Z
dc.date.available2020-07-02T16:00:45Z
dc.date.issued2020-08
dc.identifier.citationLapina Salazar, A. (2019). Does exposure to problem-based learning strategies increase postformal thinking and need for cognition in higher education students? A quasi-experimental study (Unpublished dissertation). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/11939
dc.description.abstractWhile the importance of technical skills has been established for decades, the demand for complex problem-solving and higher order reasoning skills in higher education adult learners has been steadily increasing. In light of these demands, it is important to consider alternative approaches to learning, such a problem-based learning (PBL). Although research on PBL has demonstrated increased higher order reasoning skills, very few studies exist that examine PBL's effects on the development of postformal thought (PFT) and need for cognition (NFC), the motivation to engage in complex problem-oriented tasks. This quasi-experimental study sought to answer the questions whether exposure to PBL has any effects on PFT and NFC in adult students. A total of 99 adult students from higher education institutions across Central Texas represented the experimental PBL (n=47) group and the traditional lecture-based group (n=52) that served as the control group. To measure potential changes in reasoning, both groups received the PFT and NFC instruments at baseline and posttest. Data were analyzed using One-Way ANOVA and ANCOVA. Results showed increased levels in NFC following exposure to PBL while no significant differences were found in PFT between the groups. Given the findings, PBL may have the ability to foster skills beyond factual learning and hard skills as shown by increased levels in the interest to solve complex problems, indicated by the NFC scale. This study showed that students had a higher motivation to apply higher order reasoning skills in the context of problem-solving following participation in problem-based learning courses.
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent171 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.subjectProblem-based learning
dc.subjectNeed for cognition
dc.subjectPostformal thought
dc.subjectHigher-order reasoning
dc.subjectHigher education
dc.subjectComplex problem-solving
dc.subjectPersonality psychology
dc.titleDoes Exposure to Problem-Based Learning Strategies Increase Postformal Thinking and Need for Cognition in Higher Education Students? A Quasi-Experimental Study
txstate.documenttypeDissertation
dc.contributor.committeeMemberLarrotta, Clarena
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBrooks, Ann K.
thesis.degree.departmentCounseling, Leadership, Adult Education, & School Psychology
thesis.degree.disciplineAdult, Professional, and Community Education
thesis.degree.grantorTexas State University
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy


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