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dc.contributor.advisorJones, Angela M.
dc.contributor.authorMeyers, Courtney N. ( )
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-17T19:16:34Z
dc.date.available2020-07-17T19:16:34Z
dc.date.issued2020-05
dc.identifier.citationMeyers, C. N. (2020). Trial by tabloid: Can one-time education reduce pretrial publicity bias? (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/12113
dc.descriptionPresented to the Honors Committee of Texas State University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Graduation in the University Honors Program, May 2020.en_US
dc.description.abstractNegative-defendant pretrial publicity (PTP) is prevalent and can threaten a defendant’s right to a fair trial. Extensive research supports the contention that negative defendant PTP can bias juror decision making by rendering a juror incapable of determining a verdict based solely on trial evidence (Steblay et al., 1999; Ruva et al., 2007). Voir dire is used to assess potential jurors’ knowledge of the publicity surrounding the case and potential bias against the defendant. In high profile cases it might be difficult to find jurors who have not seen or heard anything about the case. A variety of safeguards have been proposed to address the negative effects of PTP (e.g., voir dire, deliberation), though with minimal impact. The state of Washington recently developed an educational video on unconscious bias. This video is shown to jurors just prior to voir dire to reduce bias and increase the fairness of jurors’ decisions. Yet, little is known regarding the effectiveness of this proposed remedy. The current study tested whether this video effectively reduces PTP-related biases. A total of 251 students participated in the 2 (PTP: negative PTP vs. unrelated) x 2 (Remedy One-time education: debiasing video vs. control) between subject’s factorial design. When participants received PTP, they were more likely to convict, found the defendant more culpable and less credible, and sentenced more harshly. Neither one-time education nor its interaction with PTP affected any outcomes.en_US
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent69 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectPretrial publicityen_US
dc.subjectBiasen_US
dc.subjectDebiasing strategiesen_US
dc.subjectOne-time educationen_US
dc.subjectImplicit bias trainingen_US
dc.titleTrial by Tabloid: Can One-Time Education Reduce Pretrial Publicity Bias?en_US
txstate.documenttypeThesis
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWong, Kimberly
thesis.degree.departmentHonors College
thesis.degree.disciplineCriminal Justice
thesis.degree.grantorTexas State University
txstate.departmentHonors College


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