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dc.contributor.authorFulton, Lawrence V. ( Orcid Icon 0000-0001-8603-1913 )
dc.contributor.authorBeauvais, Bradley ( )
dc.contributor.authorBrooks, Matthew ( )
dc.contributor.authorKruse, Clemens S. ( Orcid Icon 0000-0002-7636-1086 )
dc.contributor.authorLee, Kimberly ( Orcid Icon 0000-0001-8312-6458 )
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-22T21:59:32Z
dc.date.available2020-07-22T21:59:32Z
dc.date.issued2020-05
dc.identifier.citationFulton, L., Beauvais, B., Brooks, M., Kruse, S., & Lee, K. (2020). Sustainable residential building considerations for rural areas: A case study. Land, 9(152).en_US
dc.identifier.issn2073-445X
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/12149
dc.description.abstractIntelligent use of rural residential land and sustainable construction is inexorably linked to cost; however, options exist that are eco-friendly and have a positive return on investment. In 2011, a research residence was built to evaluate various land-use and sustainable components. This Texas house has subsequently been used for both residential and research purposes. The purpose of this case study was to evaluate break-even construction considerations, to assess environmental impacts, and to evaluate qualitatively efficacy of sustainable options incorporated in the research residence. Some of the specific components discussed are home site placement (directional positioning); materiel acquisition (transportation); wood product minimization; rainwater harvesting; wastewater management; grid-tied solar array power; electric car charging via a solar array; geothermal heating and cooling; insulation selection; windows, fixtures, and appliance selection; and on-demand electric water heaters for guest areas. This study seeks to identify the impact of proper land use and sustainable techniques on the environment and return-on-investment in rural areas. Break-even and 15-year Net Present Value (NPV) analysis at 3% and 5% cost of capital were used to evaluate traditional construction, partially sustainable construction, and fully sustainable construction options for the case study house, which was built sustainably. The additional cost of sustainable construction is estimated at $54,329. At 3%, the analysis suggests a 15-year NPV of $334,355 (traditional) versus $250,339 million (sustainable) for a difference of $84K. At 5% cost of capital, that difference falls to $63K. The total estimated annual difference in carbon emissions is 4.326 million g/CO(2)e for this research residence. The results indicate that good choices for quick return-on-investment in rural construction would be the use of engineered lumber, Icynene foam, and Energy Star windows and doors. Medium-term options include photovoltaic systems (PVS) capable of powering the home and an electric car. Sustainable construction options should positively affect the environment and the pocketbook. Regulations and code should require adoption of short-range, break-even sustainable solutions in residential construction.en_US
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent25 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Instituteen_US
dc.sourceLand, 2020, Vol. 9, No. 152.
dc.subjectRural residential constructionen_US
dc.subjectRainwater harvesting
dc.subjectSolar
dc.subjectSpray foam
dc.subjectFinger-jointed studs
dc.titleSustainable Residential Building Considerations for Rural Areas: A Case Studyen_US
txstate.documenttypeArticle
dc.rights.holder© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/land9050152
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons License
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
txstate.departmentHealth Administration


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