The Effect of Prophylactic Devices and Fatigue on Static and Dynamic Balance
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Context: Prophylactic devices and fatigue may affect both static and dynamic balance.
Objective: To determine the effect of prophylactic devices and fatigue on static and dynamic balance.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.
Setting: Athletic Training Research Laboratory.
Patients or Other Participants: Twenty-four healthy and physically active males and females (age = 22.3 ± 2.9 yrs, height = 171.3 ± 11.7 cm, mass = 72.5 ± 18.0 kg).
Intervention(s): In 3 testing sessions, participants wore either ankle tape, an ankle brace, or remained barefoot while performing a fatigue protocol using the Biodex Isokinetic Dynamometer set for plantarflexion and dorsiflexion of the ankle. The barefoot condition served as the control.
Main Outcome Measure(s): We assessed static and dynamic balance using the NeuroCom Equitest Balance System (Clackamas, OR) both pre and post fatigue. Additionally, range of motion for the ankle inversion, eversion, plantarflexion, and dorsiflexion was measured.
Results: A Sensory Organization Test was used to measure the static balance of each subject before and after fatigue for all three conditions. The effects of treatments of fatigue on barefoot balance (82.5 ± 4.9), ankle taping (82.7 ± 5.9) and ankle bracing (82.6 ± 4.8) were compared to pre-test scores of baseline barefoot balance (84.0 ± 3.6), ankle taping (83.6 ± 4.9), and ankle bracing (82.8 ± 5.4) conditions. No differences existed in the SOT composite scores were observed. A Motor Control Test was used to measure the dynamic balance of each subject before and after fatigue for all three conditions as well.
CitationShay, A. N. (2010). The effect of prophylactic devices and fatigue on static and dynamic balance (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas.
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