George Barnard's Borderland: Enterprise and Development in the Upper Brazos River Basin, 1838-1883
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This project highlights the importance of the frontiersman and businessman, George Barnard, in the area of the Upper Brazos River Valley. He quickly climbed the social ladder upon his arrival to Texas in 1838. By the 1870s, he was one of the wealthiest men in Central Texas. This is an in depth look at his life and business practices. Chapter one analyzes George Barnard’s early life in Texas and his ultimate rise to prominence through his commercial ties with both indigenous peoples and Anglo-American military forces during the 1840s and 1850s. Chapter two focuses on George Barnard’s later life and business activities, particularly on Barnard leaving the Indian Trade, helping bring the cattle and railroad industries to Central Texas, developing land in the Upper Brazos River Basin for settlement, and participating in regional politics. Primary sources utilized for this thesis consists of newspaper articles, business ledgers, personal papers, and correspondence, among other items, primarily found in the Barnard Lane Papers at the Carrol Library at Baylor University in Waco, Texas.