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dc.contributor.authorOram, Ruby ( Orcid Icon 0000-0002-0466-9786 )
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-07T16:25:11Z
dc.date.available2021-07-07T16:25:11Z
dc.date.issued2021-07
dc.identifier.citationOram, R. (2021). "A superior kind of working woman": The contested meaning of vocational education for girls in progressive era Chicago. The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, 20(3), pp. 392-410.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/13811
dc.description.abstractProgressive Era school officials transformed public education in American cities by teaching male students trades like foundry, carpentry, and mechanics in classrooms outfitted like factories. Historians have demonstrated how this “vocational education movement” was championed by male administrators and business leaders anxious to train the next generation of expert tradesmen. But women also hoped vocational education could prepare female students for industrial careers. In the early twentieth century, members of the National Women’s Trade Union League demanded that public schools open trade programs to female students and teach future working women the history of capitalism and the philosophy of collective bargaining. Their ambitious goals were tempered by some middle-class reformers and club women who argued vocational programs should also prepare female students for homemaking and motherhood. This article uses Chicago as a case study to explore how Progressive Era women competed and collaborated to reform vocational education for girls, and how female students responded to new school programs designed to prepare them for work both in and outside the home.en_US
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent19 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.sourceThe Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, 2021, Vol. 20, No. 3.
dc.subjectChicagoen_US
dc.subjectEducationen_US
dc.subjectLaboren_US
dc.subjectSchool reformen_US
dc.subjectWomen and genderen_US
dc.title"A Superior Kind of Working Woman": The Contested Meaning of Vocational Education for Girls in Progressive Era Chicagoen_US
dc.typepublishedVersion
txstate.documenttypeArticle
dc.rights.holder© 2021 The Author(s).
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1017/S153778142100013X
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
dc.description.departmentHistory


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