Rice Husk Ash-Based Concrete Composites: A Critical Review of Their Properties and Applications
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In the last few decades, the demand for cement production increased and caused a massive ecological issue by emitting 8% of the global CO2, as the making of 1 ton of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) emits almost a single ton of CO2. Significant air pollution and damage to human health are associated with the construction and cement industries. Consequently, environmentalists and governments have ordered to strongly control emission rates by using other ecofriendly supplemental cementing materials. Rice husk is a cultivated by-product material, obtained from the rice plant in enormous quantities. With no beneficial use, it is an organic waste material that causes dumping issues. Rice husk has a high silica content that makes it appropriate for use in OPC; burning it generates a high pozzolanic reactive rice husk ash (RHA) for renewable cement-based recyclable material. Using cost-effective and commonly obtainable RHA as mineral fillers in concrete brings plentiful advantages to the technical characteristics of concrete and to ensure a clean environment. With RHA, concrete composites that are robust, highly resistant to aggressive environments, sustainable and economically feasible can be produced. However, the production of sustainable and greener concrete composites also has become a key concern in the construction industries internationally. This article reviews the source, clean production, pozzolanic activity and chemical composition of RHA. This literature review also provides critical reviews on the properties, hardening conditions and behaviors of RHA-based concrete composites, in addition to summarizing the research recent findings, to ultimately produce complete insights into the possible applications of RHA as raw building materials for producing greener concrete composites—all towards industrializing ecofriendly buildings.
CitationAmran, M., Fediuk, R., Murali, G., Vatin, N., Karelina, M., Ozbakkaloglu, T., Krishna, R. S., Sahoo, A. K., Das, S. K., Mishra, J. (2021). Rice husk ash-based concrete composites: A critical review of their properties and applications. Crystals, 11(2), 168.
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