Multimodality During Fixation – Part II: Evidence for Multimodality in Spatial Precision-Related Distributions and Impact on Precision Estimates
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This paper is a follow-on to our earlier paper(Friedman, Lohr, Hanson, & Komogortsev, 2021), which focused on the multimodality of angular offsets. This paper applies the same analysis to the measurement of spatial precision. Following the literature, we refer these measurements as estimates of device precision, but,in fact,subject characteristics clearly affect the measurements. One typical measure of the spatial precision of an eye-tracking device is the standard deviation (SD) of the position signals (horizontal and vertical) during a fixation. The SD is a highly interpretable measure of spread if the underlying error distri-bution is unimodal and normal. However, in the context of an underlying multimodal dis-tribution, the SD is less interpretable. We will present evidence that the majority of such distributions are multimodal(68-70% strongly multimodal). Only 21-23% of position dis-tributions were unimodal. We present an alternative method for measuring precision that is appropriate for both unimodal and multimodal distributions. This alternative method pro-duces precision estimates that are substantially smallerthan classic measures.We present illustrations of both unimodality and multimodality with either drift or a microsaccade pre-sent during fixation.At present, these observations apply only to the EyeLink 1000,and the subjects evaluated herein.