Space versus energy oscillations of Prufer phases for matrix Sturm-Liouville and Jacobi operators
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This note considers Sturm oscillation theory for regular matrix Sturm-Liouville operators on finite intervals and for matrix Jacobi operators. The number of space oscillations of the eigenvalues of the matrix Prüfer phases at a given energy, defined by a suitable lift in the Jacobi case, is shown to be equal to the number of eigenvalues below that energy. This results from a positivity property of the Prüfer phases, namely they cannot cross -1 in the negative direction, and is also shown to be closely linked to the positivity of the matrix Prüfer phase in the energy variable. The theory is illustrated by numerical calculations for an explicit example.
CitationSchulz-Baldes, H., & Urban, L. (2020). Space versus energy oscillations of Prufer phases for matrix Sturm-Liouville and Jacobi operators. Electronic Journal of Differential Equations, 2020(76), pp. 1-23.
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