How Much Water is in the Pedernales? (Appendix A)
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This document is a list of proposed Conservation Strategies within Management Measure Categories for the Pedernales watershed. Information was collected from a variety of sources, including peer-reviewed literature, scientific studies, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Bureau of Land Management (BLM), United States Forest Service and other resources. Management Measures are defined as a category of practices that can be cooperatively implemented to achieve water quality and quantity goals and standards. Conservation Strategies, also known as Best Management Practices (BMPs), are individual practices within Management Measures that determine the most effective, practical means of preventing or reducing pollution from nonpoint sources. For example, Sedimentation Management Measures reduce the quantity of sediment from surrounding lands to receiving waters. A Riparian Buffer, on the other hand, is a Conservation Strategy that reduces sedimentation loading and falls under the Sedimentation Management Measure category. Conservation Strategies also can be practices to preserve water quantity through the protection of groundwater recharge or the conservation of surface and groundwater supplies. It is important to consider that hydrological connections exist between groundwater and surface water in the watershed and one Conservation Strategy may protect both water quality and quantity.
The following Conservation Strategies have been compiled for the purpose of inclusion in management plans to prevent or remediate current and future expected water quality pollution and reductions in water quantity within the watershed. Conservation Strategies can be implemented alone or in combination with others, across the basin or in specific areas of the basin. Descriptions, details, cost, pollutants treated, existing operational support, and complimentary strategies are provided for each item where available. In other sections, narratives and examples are provided for Conservation Strategies that are intended to be used on a larger scale or do not specify associated costs and details.