RELATED GENRES? THE SYMPHONIE CONCERTANTE AND THE MULTIPLE-INSTRUMENT CONCERTO
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Writing in 1950, Alfred Einstein postulated that the Triple Concerto, Op. 56, of Ludwig van Beethoven is one of those multiple-instrument concertos that have taken an influence from the symphonie concertante. As with the multiple-instrument concerto, the symphonie concertante features a group of solo instruments with an orchestral ensemble. Einstein acknowledges that the symphonie concertante is "an early forerunner" of the multiple-instrument concerto without identifying specific relationships between the two genres. Of the hundreds of symphonie concertantes that were published, the fifteen by Johann Christian Bach (1735-1782) are regarded as model examples. The primary purpose of this study is to analyze the first movements of three Johann Christian Bach symphonie concertantes and to compare them with Ludwig van Beethoven's (1770-1827) Triple Concerto. One of the goals of this study is to identify common features between the two genres along with their distinctive attributes. This study will employ terminology developed by James Hepokoski and Warren Darcy to identify formal features and specifically will go beyond to investigate how thematic material is distributed between the orchestra and the solo instruments.