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dc.contributor.authorCardenas, Mario A. ( )en_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-05-04T10:18:34Z
dc.date.available2012-02-24T10:08:52Z
dc.date.issued2003-10en_US
dc.identifier.citationCardenas, M. A. (2003). José de Escandón: The classical creation of a conquistador. World History Review, 1(1), pp. 2-38.
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/3101
dc.description.abstractSpain’s final thorough colonization in North America occurred on the northern fringes of its empire. The man who carried out this great effort was José de Escandón, Spain’s last conquistador in New Spain. Escandón not only pacified the Sierra Gorda in north-central Mexico, he explored, conquered, and colonized the area of northeast Mexico and South Texas known as the Seno Mexicano. His life reflected the ideal career path of an 18th century peninsular in the New World. Building upon family connections, Escandón embarked on a military life that lead to prosperous careers in commerce, the colonial bureaucracy, and colonization. He successfully carried out military and colonization campaigns where others failed, employing the dual principles of generosity and iron-willed discipline. The pacification of the Sierra Gorda and the colonization of the vast Seno Mexicano were great feats, yet history books typically mention José de Escandón and his accomplishments only in passing. The impression is that Escandón appeared from nowhere and was almost irrelevant. In reality, his efforts began a process that has resulted in the creation of what has become one of the most dynamic regions in Texas. Here is a man whose previous efforts in royal service and for personal gain positioned him to conquer South Texas and northern Mexico on behalf of his Crown, Church and fellow Spaniards. In the end, Escandón’s personal and public success did not make him immune from a fate that befell many of the conquistadors who preceded him; the trinity he served faithfully turned against him.
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent37 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen
dc.sourceWorld History Review, Fall 2003, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Article 2.
dc.subjectSpainen_US
dc.subjectHistoryen_US
dc.subjectEscandón, José deen_US
dc.subjectEighteenth-Centuryen_US
dc.subjectSpanish expansionen_US
dc.subjectConquistadoren_US
dc.titleJosé de Escandón: The Classical Creation of a Conquistadoren_US
txstate.documenttypeArticle


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