Gender Related Differences in Correlations of Juvenile Delinquency in the State of Texas
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The primary focus of the research was to ascertain gender differences related to juvenile delinquency. By studying the gender characteristics of juveniles who enter the criminal justice system, patterns may emerge that could be beneficial in designing prevention and deterrence programs. In 2005 the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission processed 253,393 referrals of juveniles’ ages 10 through 16 of which 31 percent were female and 69 percent were male. The behaviors resulting in their referrals range from status offenses to serious crime such as robbery and assault. This research focuses on specific variables identified as influencing the development of behaviors that result in youths entering the juvenile justice system including: family structure, gang affiliation, educational progress, history of physical, emotional or sexual abuse, as well as drug use.