The Transformational Power of Mecca in the Rhetoric of Malcolm X
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This paper explores whether Malcolm X's rhetoric changed as a result of his first trip to Mecca after converting to "true" Islam. The analysis utilizes two of Malcolm's speeches given at the Harvard University Law School Forums of March 24, 1961 and December 16, 1964. Two forms of rhetorical analysis are applied to these speeches: Lloyd Bitzer's "rhetorical situation" and fantasy theme analysis as outlined by Sonja K. Foss. Taken together, these analyses reveal that Malcolm's first trip to Mecca precipitated fundamental changes in his worldview.