Population and Building Factors That Impact Residential Fire Rates in Large U.S. Cities
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The purpose of this explanatory research is to evaluate the impacts of population and building characteristics on the residential fire rates among large cities in the continental U.S. This study used existing aggregated data from 69 U.S cities in the continental U.S to explain the effect of population and building factors on cities' residential fire rates. Overall findings indicate that two building characteristics - vacancy rate and building age - significantly influence residential fire rates. None of the population and natural environment variables examined found to significantly impact residential fire rates. Therefore, during the economic downturn, fire prevention efforts should focus more on areas with high vacancy rates and old building structures.