An Exploratory Framework to Evaluate Casino Gaming Legislation: A Preliminary Assessment
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The purpose of this applied research project has three parts. The first purpose is to create a framework to explore gaming legislation. The second purpose of the research is to assess the validity of the framework. Lastly, the third purpose is to provide recommendations to improve future gaming legislation.
When states legalize casino gaming, there are several implications that should be addressed in order to ensure that casinos do not harm the economic and social well-being of a community. Legislative mandates and provisions establish regulatory policies that influence the way casinos interact with a community. The presence and quality of current legislative mandates provide a basis to begin an exploratory study.
The exploratory framework created in this study is based on four legislative criteria: economic development, social capital, statutory authority, and agency design and evaluation. Each legislative standard was derived from a literature review and is comprised of three to four components, all of which will be used to evaluate the legislation and the quality of its mandates. Each legislative standard was assessed using document and archival record analysis. Texas House Bill 1724 (81R) and its associated documents were used to test the soundness of the framework.
The exploration found that many of the legislative standards in Texas House Bill 1724 (81R) were addressed to some degree. Of the four legislative standards, economic development was the least supported. Economic development is essential to the drafting of gaming legislation as it is one of the main justifications for introducing casino into a host community.