A Preliminary Analysis: Prison Models and Prison Management Models and the Texas Prison System
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Purpose: The first purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of the two prevailing prison system models and three prison management models through the use of scholarly literature. The second purpose is to conduct a research study to describe which prison system model and prison management model the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) is using to both operate and manage the Texas Prison System. Finally, the study will present conclusions and recommendations for future research. Methodology: The methodology used in this research study is document analysis. Documents were reviewed and retrieved from agency and division mission statements; agency and division overviews; agency budgets; an agency survey; and policy and procedure handbooks and manuals. These documents were used to operationalize the conceptual framework. Results: The results showed the TDCJ shares characteristics from the Hierarchical and Differentiated Model, as well as the Control and Responsibility Model. However, the TDCJ appears to operate under the Differentiated Model and is managed under the Control Model based on the research. The mission statements, division overviews, and policy and procedure explain the primary goal of the Texas Prison System is to rehabilitate and reintegrate offenders back into society as productive law-abiding citizens. The Texas Prison System and prison administrator's primary goals are to maintain control of the prison system and the care, custody, and control of inmates following strict guidelines and policy and procedure.