Civil-Military Relations in Emerging Democracies as Found in the Articles of Armed Forces and Society
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The purpose of the Applied Research Project is to describe the content and methods used in recent Armed Forces & Society articles that deal with civil military relations in emerging democracies. This study examines how civil military relations are treated in 20 articles. Each article describes the state of civil military relations (or some facet of Civil-Military Relations) in a country that can be classified as non-Western and an emerging democracy. The articles are also "case studies". This study analyzes the case study methodology used in the articles. The normative literature review derives from traditional Civil Military Relations literature. The conceptual framework consists of descriptive categories for the Civil-Military Relations such as the Civilian Control, Civil Military Problematic, Professionalism, Institutional Structures and Challenges. The study uses content analysis of the articles to do a meta-analysis. A methodological template (Jensen and Rodgers, 2001) is borrowed and incorporated in the coding sheet. The categories are rationalized into variables, data is aggregated through frequency distributions. The results show that the cases in general do not discuss theory of civil-military relations substantially. Institutional structures are discussed more than other categories. Institutional structure consists of the role of the parliament and role of bureaucracy. There is limited discussion of professionalism. The recent articles (both forthcoming and a few already published) seem to be stronger with regard to theory and methodology. It seems that emerging democracies have specific characteristics, sometimes shared across regions (such as Latin America, or Eastern and Central Europe, Africa, Asia). This study defines the importance of continuing comparative studies, and the transnational influence of civil-military relations theory. Effective Civil-military relations are connected to the strength of democracy. This may well be a future study.