Organization of Lithic Technology in Archaic Central Texas: An Example from Site 41HY160 in San Marcos, Texas
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Site 41HY160 sits next to the San Marcos Springs in San Marcos, Texas. This site can be used to document the history of human use of the area and to analyze their lithic tool technology. The data for the analysis in this thesis were gathered during Texas State University archaeological field schools in 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2006. This analysis utilizes the theory of technological organization to examine the recovered lithic tools, analyze the potential organization of these tools, and how it may be associated with other changes in the region through time. In particular, the degree of resharpening proved to be the clearest aspect related to technological organization. This analysis showed that the greatest variability occurred during the Middle Archaic, a time of great variability in regional climate, and indicates a reduction in degree of resharpening from the beginning to the end of the Middle Archaic.