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dc.contributor.advisorCrixell, Sylvia
dc.contributor.advisorFriedman, B. J.
dc.contributor.authorReat, Amanda M. ( )
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-30T22:04:17Z
dc.date.available2012-11-30T22:04:17Z
dc.date.issued2013-08en_US
dc.identifier.citationReat, A. M. (2013). Impact of policy change on feeding practices of infants and toddlers in the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC) in San Marcos, TX (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4399
dc.description.abstractIn 2009, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) modified food packages to address rising rates of child obesity and sub-optimal duration of breastfeeding and offer foods that are more compatible with current dietary guidelines. We collected 24-hour recalls (using Nutrition Data System for Research) and feeding practices data from 97 caregivers of infants (4-12 mo) and toddlers (1-2 y) in 2009 (pre-policy change) and from 121 caregivers in 2011 (post-policy change) in order to compare feeding practices. Results revealed some positive trends between the two study years, including fewer infants receiving cereal, more infants receiving breast milk, and more infants being ever breastfed in 2011 compared to 2009, as well as positive changes that were significant, including later introduction of formula and fewer caregivers adding cereal to infant bottles in 2011 compared to 2009. However, there were also findings that were in the reverse direction of the WIC package changes, including the trend towards more infants receiving complementary foods before 6 months, and more infants receiving juice before 4 months. Our results indicate that, in this community, the WIC policy change was helpful but not sufficient to bring feeding practices into compliance with existing guidelines. This research met all Institutional Review Board guidelines and was supported by a Texas State University research enhancement grant.
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent111 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectInfant feeding practices
dc.subjectWIC food packages
dc.subjectWIC policy
dc.subjectInfant and toddler food consumption
dc.subject.lcshSpecial Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (U.S.)en_US
dc.subject.lcshFood relief--Texas--San Marcosen_US
dc.subject.lcshInfants--Nutrition--Texas--San Marcosen_US
dc.subject.lcshChildren--Nutrition--Texas--San Marcosen_US
dc.subject.lcshMothers--Nutrition--Texas--San Marcosen_US
dc.titleImpact of Policy Change on Feeding Practices of Infants and Toddlers in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in San Marcos, TX
txstate.documenttypeThesis
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWatt, Toni
thesis.degree.departmentFamily and Consumer Science
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition
thesis.degree.grantorTexas State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
txstate.departmentFamily and Consumer Sciences


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