Domestic Chinese Migration, 1995-2000: Influencing Factors and Implications
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This research study analyzes the officially documented internal migration in China from 1995 to 2000 using Chinese Census of 2000. That is, it analyzes migration as documented within the census and does not substantively focus on the floating population. It identifies the factors that have most affected migration, as well as examines the effects of distance (in the terms of intra and inter-county migration, and inter-provincial migrations) in the migration process. An examination of the internal migration of China is critical as China has experienced several unique demographic trends. The Chinese government has a history of forcing migration upon its citizens, whilst simultaneously hampering the ability of the population to move freely. Such seemingly contradictory policies have combined to seriously alter the natural internal migration streams. Only in the early 1990s did the government loosen most of the restrictions on migration.