Developing a Practical Ideal Type Gentrification Effects Mitigation Program: A Study of Austin, Texas
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Purpose: The purpose of this research is to develop a practical ideal type gentrification effects mitigation program and gauge its effectiveness in Austin, Texas. Austin is experiencing tremendous growth levels and a resurgence of residents making the choice to move to inner city neighborhoods that have experienced decades of neglect. Gentrification encourages redevelopment and revitalization while also increasing the risk for involuntary incumbent resident displacement. This research focuses on city programs dedicated to reducing involuntary displacement by developing a conceptual framework based on three categories: increasing affordable housing, maximizing housing retention, and promoting resident asset building. Methods: Structured interviews were conducted with seven leaders of city government and nonprofit housing agencies in Austin, Texas. Findings: The findings suggest that Austin is currently utilizing nine of the thirteen possible programs that make up this practical ideal type with varied success levels. Of the four programs that are not being utilized, two are prohibited in Texas, one is not used due to the difficulties of the local taxing system, and one is not used due to a significant decrease in federal funding.