Geoarchaeological Investigations of Site Formation Processes in Area 15 at the Gault Site, Bell County, Texas
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The Gault site is a stratified, multi-component prehistoric site located northwest of Georgetown, Texas. The site was repeatedly, and at times intensely, occupied in all major periods of the prehistoric era in Central Texas. Standard sediment and soil analyses were used in this study to analytically examine sedimentary processes, pedogenic qualities of the soil, and effects of post-depositional processes on the sediment. The ultimate goal was to determine the depositional and post-depositional integrity of the sediment and cultural material. The results of this study support the preserved context of the Paleoindian strata as the pre-Clovis archaeological material is contained in a different and clearly distinguishable stratigraphic context than the Clovis material.