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dc.contributor.advisorBrown, Brock
dc.contributor.authorKellogg, Helen
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-21T20:23:54Z
dc.date.available2013-06-21T20:23:54Z
dc.date.issued2013-05
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4654
dc.descriptionPresented to the Honors Committee of Texas State University-San Marcos In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For Graduation in the Honors College, May 2013.en_US
dc.description.abstractDue to scientific discoveries during the late 19th century, producers of commercial agriculture began manipulating food production with the use of synthesized chemical inputs and methods that altered the natural means of production. This shift produced some immediate and long term environmental consequences. The “organic” agriculture movement was a response to the growing threat of these ecological impacts, as well as other perceived social, health, and economic consequences of industrial agriculture. The organic movement originated, in the English speaking world,in the United Kingdom in the early 1900s and diffused to the United States during the 1940s.During the next several decades, the movement gained popularity through the work of organic scholars and activists. Beginning in the late 1970s some organic producers began to use more industrialized methods of production which challenged some of the classical organic standards. By 1990, the United States began working on some federal standards, issuing the National Organic Rule in October of 2002. The National Organic Rule allowed the National Organic Program, established in 1990 under the USDA, to regulate and accredit organic agricultural products. Have the use of “industrial organic” and the USDA organic standards shaped the current organic movement? This paper interprets the original ideals and objectives of the organic movement at the time of its conception and determines whether or not these ideals are realized in the modern era of organic food systems.en_US
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent86 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.subjectOrganic agricultureen_US
dc.subjectFooden_US
dc.subjectIndustrial organicen_US
dc.subjectOrganic ethicen_US
dc.subjectOrganic movementen_US
dc.subjectUSDA organicen_US
dc.titleThe Past, Present, and Possible Future of the Organic Foods Movement in the United Statesen_US
txstate.documenttypeThesis
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHagelman, Ronald
thesis.degree.departmentHonors College
thesis.degree.disciplineGeography
thesis.degree.grantorTexas State University
txstate.departmentHonors College


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