From Resistance to Revolution: Albert Camus and the Clandestine Press in the French Resistance
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The values of the French Resistance during the German occupation of France were defined and supported by the Resistance’s clandestine press. These underground newspapers supported left-wing policies, which influenced France throughout the nation’s occupation, liberation and post-liberation periods. In turn, the values of the French Resistance became, to an extent, the values of France. The writings of Albert Camus in Combat, one of the major underground newspapers in the movement, present an understanding of the liberal ideals established in the Resistance. Camus concept of a ‘liberal revolution,’ which advocated France to transform into a socialist state with a renewed national community, helps to understand the left-wing aspects of the Resistance. Through an analysis of Camus’ editorials in Combat, it was possible to comprehend the thoughts and values of Camus and his view on the Resistance. In addition, secondary sources provided important contextual information on the events pertaining to the Resistance and Camus’ articles. The Resistance’s perspective, expressed through its underground newspapers, was an important part of France’s experience during and in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War. The clandestine press, as represented by Camus’ editorials in Combat, was significant in the establishment and circulation of the Resistance’s values. In response, the ideals of the French Resistance became major social and political forces in France.