An Examination of Frame of Reference and Self-Control in Alcohol and Drug Addicts
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Although the criminal justice system is often responsible for diagnosing and treating substance-use disorders, we have a poor understanding of the complicated processes underlying these issues. The present study was conducted in an attempt to determine what (1) local preferences (2) global preferences and (3) self-control can contribute to explanations of substance use-disorders. Sixty-four participants completed a questionnaire about their drug and alcohol histories, their short and long-term preferences for using these substances, and their levels of self-control. The results indicate that individuals with substance-use disorders generally prefer to use drugs or alcohol at discrete points in time but prefer abstinence over longer periods of time. Self-control also appears to be related to greater levels of substance involvement.