An Ideal Model for Responding to Active Shooter Incidents in Schools
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Purpose: The purpose of this research is two-fold. First, this study develops an ideal model of strategies for school personnel to respond to an active shooter incident. The second purpose of this study is to assess the extent to which public school personnel in Texas are aware of the strategies and therefore prepared to respond properly to an active shooter incident. Methods: The ideal model of response strategies for an active shooter incident was developed through literature review. An electronic survey questionnaire was sent to public school principals in Texas, who were asked to complete the questionnaire and forward the survey invitation to their school personnel. The questionnaire was designed to assess the training and knowledge of school personnel on how to respond to an active shooter incident. Findings: The findings show that 68.38% of respondents indicated they had received active shooter response training. However, the data reveal that some of the respondents’ responses to their awareness of certain strategies fell below this percentage. This suggests that additional training may be needed to ensure that school personnel are aware of strategies that may increase their ability to respond quickly and effectively to the crisis until the arrival of law enforcement.