An Ideal Model for Nonprofit Community-Based Agriculture: Growing Food Security in Low-Income Communities
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Purpose: The purpose of this research is to develop an ideal model for nonprofits to provide community food security in low-income neighborhoods through community-based agriculture programs (CBA). Methods: A preliminary model for nonprofit CBA was developed from a review of the literature and research on nonprofit organizations and community-based agriculture. Surveys were sent to 49 experts in the field of CBA and nonprofit CBA; 19 participants returned the survey. With the exception of four sub-issues, the preliminary model was supported by the survey results. Results: The preliminary model was amended to exclude a recommendation of including detailed fundraising plans in the bylaws, operating farmers markets, backyard garden installation programs and granting organizations the power of eminent domain over tax delinquent vacant lot owners. Conclusion: A model for nonprofit CBA should included the following eight categories: nonprofit legal requirements, volunteer integration and management, marketing, program development, funding, effective collaboration, obstacles to CBA and production and delivery systems.