Combined Effect of Facility Types on the Spatial Patterns of Street Robbery: A Conjunctive Analysis
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Researchers have continuously found that certain types of facilities, such as bars, bus stops, and retail stores influence the spatial patterns of crime. The bulk of studies done in this area examine the individual effect of facilities on the spatial distributions of crime, but not the effect of multiple facilities combined. The present study analyzes the combined effect of facility types at varying distances on the spatial patterns of street robbery in Austin, Texas using a method called conjunctive analysis (also known as qualitative comparative analysis). This study found that certain combinations of facilities were associated with higher robbery counts at all considered distances. The most notable limitation is that the statistical significance of the findings has not been determined. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.