The effects of smart pen narrated solution sets on student study routines and their perceptions of the solution sets as a help resource
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Calculus is a roadblock mathematics course. Students who struggle in calculus are unable to pursue their chosen educational track. Research has identified student study habits as one of several key factors for student success in calculus. However, there is a paucity of research specifically on study behaviors of college students. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to determine how students incorporate narrated solution sets created with smart-pen technology into their study routines and to ascertain their perceptions of the solution sets as a help resource. The results of the study show that students do incorporate narrated solution sets into their study routines. Frequency use data shows the majority of students procrastinate and do not access the resource until right before a test. Interview and survey data suggest that students use the resource in multiple ways. Some students use the resource as an extra lecture, some use it as a help resource when they are stuck, some students use the solutions to check their own work, and some students use the resource as a review. Many students use the resource in multiple ways. This study helps fill the gap on how college students study and how they use available help resources.