Decoding Speech: A Content Analysis on Egyptian President Anwar Al-Sadat
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The Peace Treaty of 1978 was not a coincidental accord. It was an unlikely and unthinkable act by Egypt: a negotiation with its neighbor and newly formed country, Israel. Egypt’s President Anwar al- Sadat, Israel’s Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and U.S. President Jimmy Carter reached the historic peace accord at Camp David. As an unconventional leader, Sadat made the daring move of becoming the Middle-Easts’ first peacemaker, overcoming Begin’s doubt and suspicion. In this research, we propose to investigate Sadat’s intent through a comprehensive content analysis of his speeches, with an analysis focusing on the use of the word peace. This content analysis revealed his shift in political intentions brought about by the Peace Treaty. Application of word content analysis and descriptive statistics adds to the depth of research tools available to the field of political science. The aim of this study is to provide a case study highlighting the feasibility of such methods, incorporating both quantitative and qualitative measures in analyzing international political issues.