Vermont-Québec Police Agency Cooperation: A Case Study
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Purpose: The purpose of this applied research project is to develop a practical ideal type model of cross-border police agency cooperation and to gauge Vermont-Québec police agency cooperation against this practical ideal type standard. Cross-border police agencies are faced with two main problems: 1) the existence of barriers to effective cross-border police agency cooperation and 2) how to mitigate or remove these barriers to cooperation. A review of the literature identified three main concepts that were used to develop the practical ideal type against which Vermont-Québec police agency cooperation was gauged. The three main concepts are effective command, collaboration, and communication. Methodology: The three main concepts of practical ideal type cross-border police agency cooperation serve as the building blocks for a conceptual framework. The conceptual framework both describes the practical ideal type and provides a tool for gauging the effectiveness of Vermont-Québec police agency cooperation. The conceptual framework helped develop the three methods used in this study: the interview, field research, and document analysis. Findings: The cross-border practices of Vermont and Québec were rated as strongly supportive, generally supportive, minimally supportive, or not supportive of practical ideal type cross-border police agency cooperation. For the concept of command, the agency practices were strongly supportive. For the concept of collaboration, the agency practices were generally supportive. For the concept of communication, the agency practices were generally supportive.