Do memories for same- and other-race faces change after a consolidation period?
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The other-race effect is a well-documented phenomenon, in which participants show more accurate face memory for members of their own race compared with face memory for members of other races. Although current theories aimed at explaining the ORE take quite different approaches, most explanations assume that differences in memory for faces of different races arise from processes that occur during encoding. The current study was designed to examine if differences in time-dependent memory consolidation affect the recognition of same- and other-race face memories. Hispanic and Caucasian participants studied same- and other-race faces and took initial recognition tests for same- and other-race faces. They returned two days later for a final recognition test. In the Hispanic group, memory for other-race faces improved more than memory for same-race faces. This difference was not present in the Caucasian group. These results suggest that consolidation can influence how face memories are consolidated in Hispanic participants.