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  • Ecological risk estimation of heavy metal pollution in roadside dust of Ado-Odo Ota, Southwestern Nigeria 

    Emenike, PraiseGod; Okwuonu, E. J.; Tenebe, Imokhai; Omole, David; Nwani, M.; Afolayan, O. D.; Oniemayin, B. I. (IOP Science, 2019-06)
    Increased industrial, commercial and transport activities have constantly introduced air pollutants such as heavy metals in the atmosphere. Roadside dust samples were collected from 10 locations along Ota-Benin road, ...
  • Growth from below: Bilayer graphene on copper by chemical vapor deposition 

    Nie, Shu; Wu, Wei; Xing, Shirui; Yu, Qingkai; Bao, Jiming; Pei, Shin-shem; McCarty, Kevin (IOP Science, 2012-09)
    We evaluate how a second graphene layer forms and grows on Cu foils during chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Low-energy electron diffraction and microscopy is used to reveal that the second layer nucleates and grows next ...
  • Theoretical proposal for the experimental realisation of a monochromatic electromagnetic knot 

    Cameron, R. P.; Loffler, W.; Stephan, Karl D. (IOP Science, 2021-05)
    We propose an antenna designed to generate monochromatic electromagnetic knots and other 'unusual electromagnetic disturbances' in the microwave domain. Our antenna is a spherical array of radiating dipolar elements ...
  • Transient numerical investigation on cold plate based water cooling system for battery module with large lithium-ion pouch cells 

    Patil, Mahesh; Seo, Jae-Hyeong; Kim, Namwon; Lee, Moo-Yeon (IOP Science, 2018-07)
    This investigation presented a transient numerical study on cooling performance of cold plate based water cooling system for battery module with large lithium-ion pouch cells. The study was conducted at heat generation ...
  • Acoustic Properties of Innovative Concretes: A Review 

    Fediuk, Roman; Amran, Mugahed; Vatin, Nikolai; Vasilev, Yuriy; Lesovik, Valery; Ozbakkaloglu, Togay (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-01-14)
    Concrete is the most common building material; therefore, when designing structures, it is obligatory to consider all structural parameters and design characteristics such as acoustic properties. In particular, this is to ...
  • High Permeability Photosintered Strontium Ferrite Flexible Thin Films 

    Ahmad, Abid; Mishra, Bhagyashree; Foley, Andrew; Wood, Leslie; Chen, Maggie Yihong (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-01-01)
    The paper is focused on the development and optimization of strontium ferrite nanomaterial and photosintered flexible thin films. These magnetic thin films are characterized with direct current (DC) and high frequency ...
  • Replacement of Natural Sand with Expanded Vermiculite in Fly Ash-Based Geopolymer Mortars 

    Gencel, Osman; Gholampour, Aliakbar; Tokay, Hayrettin; Ozbakkaloglu, Togay (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-22)
    Increasing the thermal insulation of building components to reduce the thermal energy loss of buildings has received significant attention. Owing to its porous structure, using expanded vermiculite as an alternative to ...
  • Use of Recycled Concrete Aggregates in Production of Green Cement-Based Concrete Composites: A Review 

    Makul, Natt; Fediuk, Roman; Amran, Mugahed; Zeyad, Abdullah; Murali, Gunasekaran; Vatin, Nikolai; Klyuev, Sergey; Ozbakkaloglu, Togay; Vasilev, Yuriy (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-26)
    Recycled concrete aggregates (RCA) are used in existing green building composites to promote the environmental preservation of natural coarse aggregates (NCA). Besides, the use of RCA leads to potential solutions to the ...
  • Rice Husk Ash-Based Concrete Composites: A Critical Review of Their Properties and Applications 

    Amran, Mugahed; Fediuk, Roman; Murali, Gunasekaran; Vatin, Nikolai; Karelina, Maria; Ozbakkaloglu, Togay; Krishna, R. S.; Sahoo, Ankit Kumar; Das, Shaswat Kumar; Mishra, Jyotirmoy (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-08)
    In the last few decades, the demand for cement production increased and caused a massive ecological issue by emitting 8% of the global CO2, as the making of 1 ton of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) emits almost ...
  • Synthesis of Printable Polyvinyl Alcohol for Aerosol Jet and Inkjet Printing Technology 

    Monne, Mahmuda Akter; Howlader, Chandan Qumar; Mishra, Bhagyashree; Chen, Maggie Yihong (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-22)
    Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) is a promising polymer due to its high solubility with water, availability in low molecular weight, having short polymer chain, and cost-effectiveness in processing. Printed technology is gaining ...
  • Machine Learning Approach to Develop a Novel Multi-Objective Optimization Method for Pavement Material Proportion 

    Liang, Chunyu; Xu, Xin; Chen, Heping; Wang, Wensheng; Zheng, Kunkun; Tan, Guojin; Gu, Zhengwei; Zhang, Hao (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-01-17)
    Asphalt mixture proportion design is one of the most important steps in asphalt pavement design and application. This study proposes a novel multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) algorithm employing the ...
  • A Heuristic Storage Location Assignment Based on Frequent Itemset Classes to Improve Order Picking Operations 

    Li, Yue; Mendez-Mediavilla, Francis A.; Temponi, Cecilia; Kim, Junwoo; Jimenez, Jesus (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-19)
    Most large distribution centers’ order picking processes are highly labor-intensive. Increasing the efficiency of order picking allows these facilities to move higher volumes of products. The application of data mining in ...
  • Design Strategy for Recycled Aggregate Concrete: A Review of Status and Future Perspectives 

    Makul, Natt; Fediuk, Roman; Amran, Mugahed; Zeyad, Abdullah; Klyuev, Sergey; Chulkova, Irina; Ozbakkaloglu, Togay; Vatin, Nikolai; Karelina, Maria; Azevedo, Afonso (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-06-17)
    Currently, a number of disadvantages hampers the use of recycled concrete aggregates (RCA). The current review proves that concretes made with complete replacement of natural aggregate with RCA allow the production of ...
  • Life-Cycle Assessment of Alkali-Activated Materials Incorporating Industrial Byproducts 

    Faridmehr, Iman; Nehdi, Moncef; Nikoo, Mehdi; Huseien, Ghasan Fahim; Ozbakkaloglu, Togay (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-05-05)
    Eco-friendly and sustainable materials that are cost-effective, while having a reduced carbon footprint and energy consumption, are in great demand by the construction industry worldwide. Accordingly, alkali-activated ...
  • Hazards to Aircraft Crews, Passengers, and Equipment from Thunderstorm-Generated X-rays and Gamma-Rays 

    Stephan, Karl D.; Shmatov, Mikhail (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-06-29)
    Both observational and theoretical research in the area of atmospheric high-energy physics since about 1980 has revealed that thunderstorms produce X-rays and gamma-rays into the MeV region by a number of mechanisms. While ...
  • Thermal Abuse Behavior of the LIR2450 Micro Coin Cell Battery Having Capacity of 120 mAh with Internal Short Circuit by Penetrating Element 

    Lee, Moo-Yeon; Kim, Namwon; Seo, Jae-Hyeong; Patil, Mahesh (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020-02-05)
    Internal short circuit in lithium-ion battery by penetrating element leads to exothermic behavior due to accumulated heat. In the present study, investigations are conducted on the thermal behavior of the LIR2450 micro ...
  • Reliability Analysis of FRP-Confined Concrete at Ultimate using Conjugate Search Direction Method 

    Keshtegar, Behrooz; Gholampour, Aliakbar; Ozbakkaloglu, Togay; Zhu, Shun-Peng; Trung, Nguyen-Thoi (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020-03-23)
    In this paper compressive strength and ultimate strain results in the current database of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-confined concrete are used to determine the reliability of their design space. The Lognormal, Normal, ...
  • The Influence of Smart Manufacturing towards Energy Conservation: A Review 

    Terry, Shane; Lu, Hao; Fidan, Ismail; Zhang, Yunbo; Tantawi, Khalid; Guo, Terry; Asiabanpour, Bahram (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020-05-25)
    Today, the current trends of manufacturing are towards the adaptation and implementation of smart manufacturing, which is a new initiative to turn the traditional factories into profitable innovation facilities. However, ...
  • Characteristics and Mechanisms of Asphalt–Filler Interactions from a Multi-Scale Perspective 

    Xu, Wenyi; Qiu, Xin; Xiao, Shanglin; Hong, Haojue; Wang, Feng; Yuan, Jie (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020-06-17)
    Asphalt mastic plays an important role in asphalt mixtures for pavement engineering. Understanding the asphalt–filler interaction behavior is essential to improve the pavement performance of asphalt mastics. The objective ...
  • Inkjet-Printed Graphene-Based 1 × 2 Phased Array Antenna 

    Monne, Mahmuda Akter; Grubb, Peter; Stern, Harold; Subbaraman, Harish; Chen, Ray T.; Chen, Maggie Yihong (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020-09-18)
    Low-cost and conformal phased array antennas (PAAs) on flexible substrates are of particular interest in many applications. The major deterrents to developing flexible PAA systems are the difficulty in integrating antenna ...

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