Individual, Occupational, and Health Factors that Contribute to Absenteeism of Teachers in Texas Public Schools
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The purpose of this study is to carefully evaluate the demographic, occupational, and health factors most associated with teacher absenteeism within the Texas public school system. Absenteeism is costly for organizations, especially those that depend on federal and state funding such as public schools. This study included 2,588 teachers from 46 public school districts in Texas who participated in an occupational health survey. Absenteeism was assessed as the physical absence from work. Individuals who self- reported that they were not present at work due to either personal reasons or due to illness were compared to individuals that had zero absences. The variables included in this study are individual demographics, basic teacher/classroom/school specific demographics, occupational indicators (organizational commitment, job involvement, job support, job control, climate and school problems), health factors (stress, physical and mental quality of life), and Axis I Psychopathology (Depression, Anxiety, Panic, Somatization). A multivariate negative binomial regression will be used to examine which variables are key predictors of teacher absenteeism within the Texas public school system. The results of this study will identify factors that contribute to overall absences of individuals in the work place, and may allow for recommendations of workplace changes that can be used to decrease absenteeism.