A Model Approach to Effective Municipal Housing Affordability Programs
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Research Purpose: Municipalities across the United States grapple with the challenges of housing affordability, however; there does not appear to be a concise and formulated model to assist cities in creating, evaluating, or refining their housing affordability programs. This research attempts to join this literature by constructing a preliminary model for cities and administrators to improve on best practices and mechanisms to create municipal affordable housing programs. This applied research takes a hybrid research approach. Using the literature, it creates a preliminary, exploratory practical ideal type framework or model. The four primary components identified in the model for effective municipal housing programs are the continuum of housing, preservation of housing, public-private partnerships, and supply-side approaches.
Methodology: This research uses focused interviews to gather detailed input from experts in the field of municipal housing policy and programs to refine the primary components and subcomponents of the model. The six respondents include university academics, leaders in non-profit, municipal government, and developers of affordable housing.
Results: Based on the expert feedback, the model is refined to create a final preliminary model that identifies the practical ideal components for municipal affordable housing programs and policies. This model can be used by municipalities to create or refine their own programs. It is recommended that this model is refined further by future research and modified to reflect the context and diversity of municipalities grappling with housing affordability challenges.