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dc.contributor.advisorGiordano, Alberto
dc.contributor.authorZignol, Francesco
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-06T16:17:54Z
dc.date.available2019-08-06T16:17:54Z
dc.date.issued2019-08
dc.date.submittedAugust 2019
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/8469
dc.description.abstractThe Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Indian Reservation (MT) have observed drastic changes in the quantity and quality of the water resources of the reservation over the last decades, which is threatening the Tribes’ traditional lifestyle and cultural identity. This research evaluates the impacts of climate change, specifically air temperature changes, on the snowpack conditions and stream/river temperatures between 1961 and 2100. Statistical downscaling served as a means to obtain local-scale projections of air temperature and snow water equivalent from course-resolution global climate models. A non-linear logistic function was also used to estimate water temperature time series based on air temperature. The observed data indicate an increment in both air and water temperatures and a reduction of the duration and amount of snowpack due to a later snow accumulation in fall and an earlier snowmelt in spring. According to the estimated data, this tendency is expected to continue or intensify in the future. The magnitude of the change and the monotonicity of the trends vary according to the climate scenario, variable, season, spatial scale, and specific location considered. Based on an intermediate scenario, by the end of the XXI century, air and water temperatures will averagely increase by 4.2°C and 1.9°C, respectively, whereas the annual snow water equivalent maximum and the snowpack duration will decrease, on average, by 46% and 66 days, respectively. In general, higher elevation areas are associated with less steep and less consistent trends than those found at lower elevations. Also, summer is predicted to experience the largest increase in both air and water temperatures. The findings of this research can guide the development of climate change adaptation and water resource strategic plans for the reservation.
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent314 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.subjectWater resources
dc.subjectClimate change
dc.subjectFlathead Indian Reservation
dc.subjectAir temperature
dc.subjectWater temperature
dc.subjectSnow water equivalent
dc.titleWater in a Changing Cimate: Montana's Flathead Indian Reservation, 1961-2100
txstate.documenttypeDissertation
dc.contributor.committeeMemberJensen, Jennifer L. R.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberDixon, Richard W.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHardy, Thom
thesis.degree.departmentGeography
thesis.degree.disciplineGeographic Information Science
thesis.degree.grantorTexas State University
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
txstate.departmentGeography


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