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dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Megan Elizabeth ( )
dc.contributor.authorWaliczek, Tina M. ( )
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-16T14:28:11Z
dc.date.available2019-08-16T14:28:11Z
dc.date.issued2019-07
dc.identifier.citationHolmes, M., & Waliczek, T. M. (2019). The effect of horticultural community service programs on recidivism. Hort Technology, 29(4), pp. 490-495.
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/8521
dc.description.abstractThe average cost of housing a single inmate in the United States is roughly $31,286 per year, bringing the total average cost states spend on corrections to more than $50 billion per year. Statistics show 1 in every 34 adults in the United States is under some form of correctional supervision; and after 3 years, more than 4 in 10 prisoners return to custody. The purpose of this study was to determine the availability of opportunities for horticultural community service and whether there were differences in incidences of recurrences of offenses/recidivism of offenders completing community service in horticultural vs. nonhorticultural settings. Data were collected through obtaining offender profile probation revocation reports, agency records, and community service supervision reports for one county in Texas. The sample included both violent and nonviolent and misdemeanor and felony offenders. Offenders who completed their community service in horticultural or nonhorticultural outdoor environments showed lower rates of recidivism compared with offenders who completed their community service in nonhorticultural indoor environments and those who had no community service. Demographic comparisons found no difference in incidence of recidivism in comparisons of offenders based on gender, age, and the environment in which community service was served. In addition, no difference was shown in incidence of recidivism in comparisons based on offenders with misdemeanor vs. felony charges. The results and information gathered support the continued notion that horticultural activities can play an important role in influencing an offender’s successful reentry into society.en_US
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent6 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Horticultural Scienceen_US
dc.sourceHort Technology, 2019, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 490-495
dc.subjectHorticultural therapy
dc.subjectSocio-horticulture
dc.subjectUrban horticulture
dc.subjectPeople-plant interactions
dc.subjectCorrections
dc.titleThe Effect of Horticultural Community Service Programs on Recidivismen_US
dc.typepublishedVersion
txstate.documenttypeArticle
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04282-19
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
dc.description.departmentAgricultural Sciences


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