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dc.contributor.authorTeter, Christian J. ( Orcid Icon 0000-0001-8524-5872 )
dc.contributor.authorDiRaimo, Christopher G. ( )
dc.contributor.authorWest, Brady T. ( )
dc.contributor.authorSchepis, Ty S. ( Orcid Icon 0000-0003-3655-0496 )
dc.contributor.authorMcCabe, Sean Esteban ( Orcid Icon 0000-0002-9622-4652 )
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-26T16:51:06Z
dc.date.available2019-08-26T16:51:06Z
dc.date.issued2018-07
dc.identifier.citationTeter, C. J., DiRaimo, C. G., West, B. T., Schepis, T. S., & McCabe, S. E. (2018). Nonmedical Use of Prescription Stimulants Among US High School Students to Help Study: Results From a National Survey. Journal of Pharmacy Practice.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1531-1937
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/8539
dc.description.abstractObjective: Mixed findings exist regarding extent and efficacy of nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) for study enhancement (SE). This national study of US high school seniors examined NMUPS for SE and addressed risk/benefit questions: To what extent are students reporting NMUPS specifically for SE, and do these individuals demonstrate fewer problem behaviors and superior academic performance? Method: Total of 15 098 US students surveyed (2009-2015) and divided into 4 subgroups: (1) no past-year NMUPS (nonusers), (2) past-year NMUPS to help study (NMUPS-SE only), (3) past-year NMUPS for study/nonstudy motives (NMUPS-SE+ other), and (4) past-year NMUPS for nonstudy motives (NMUPS-nonSE only). Student characteristics (eg, grade point average [GPA]) and substance-related problems (eg, binge drinking) compared between subgroups. Results: Among students who reported past-year NMUPS (n = 781), 7.4% reported NMUPS-SE only, 40.9% NMUPS-SE+ other, and 51.7% NMUPS-nonSE only. Odds of binge drinking, cigarette smoking, marijuana, and opioid nonmedical use significantly higher among all NMUPS subgroups. GPAs significantly lower among subgroups reporting NMUPS nonstudy motives; did not differ between NMUPS-SE only and nonusers. Conclusions: 7% of US high school seniors engaged in NMUPS for SE only (0.4% total population). Findings indicate greater substance-related problems without superior academic performance among NMUPS-SE subgroups.en_US
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent20 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherSageen_US
dc.sourceJournal of Pharmacy Practice, 2018.
dc.subjectEnhancementen_US
dc.subjectNonmedical
dc.subjectPrescription stimulant
dc.subjectStudents
dc.subjectStudy
dc.titleNonmedical Use of Prescription Stimulants Among US High School Students to Help Study: Results From a National Surveyen_US
txstate.documenttypeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the accepted manuscript version of an article published in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice.
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1177/0897190018783887
txstate.departmentPsychology


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