Behavioral Skills Training to Improve the Abduction-Prevention Skills of Children with Autism
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A concurrent multiple baseline across participants design evaluated the effects of behavioral skills training (BST) on abduction-prevention skills of four children with autism. Across phases, confederates presented four types of abduction lures: (a) simple requests, (b) appeals to authority, (c) assis- tance requests, and (d) incentives. During baseline, lures re- sulted in children leaving with confederate strangers. During intervention, BST targeted a three-step response (i.e., refuse, move away, and report) and the abduction-prevention skills of all participants improved. Improvements generalized to novel settings and confederates and were maintained at 4 weeks. There is currently limited research on abduction-prevention pertaining to individuals with ASD. BST can be used to teach abduction-prevention skills to individuals with ASD. BSTcan be effective at teaching appropriate responses to multiple types of abduction lures. The effects of BST on multiple re- sponses to multiple types of lures can generalize across set- tings and people and maintain over time.