An Analysis of Human Rights Violations in the East, South, and Southeast Asian Regions: 2012-2016
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The purpose of this study is to describe the types of human rights violations occurring in Asian countries, from 2012 to 2016, through the analysis of the U.S. State Department’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practice. The paper uses Hernandez’s (2007) human rights violation categories that were taken from Donnelly and Howard’s (1988) literature on the different types of human rights. However, this study adds an additional category from Donnelly and Howard’s literature that was not included in Hernandez’s research. The categories are: 1) Violations of Survival Rights, 2) Violations of Membership Rights, 3) Violations of Protection Rights, 4) Violations of Empowerment Rights and 5) Violations of Anomalous Rights. To study these categories of human rights, content analysis was used to analyze the summary of the Country Reports. While examining the documents, the human rights violations were recorded as having occurred “frequently”, “occasionally” or “did not occur”. Once the summaries of each nation from 2012-2016 were examined, frequency statistics were employed to determine how often the human rights violations were documented as having occurred in the summary of the Country Reports. The study found that most human rights violations occurred “occasionally” in the South, East, and Southeast regions of Asia. In addition, the paper also found that certain Asian countries were documented as having the most human rights violations per coding category. For example, North Korea and the Philippines were the nations that had the most rights violations for the occurs “occasionally” coding category. Finally, the study ends the paper by acknowledging the challenges of this research while providing recommendations for further research.