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dc.contributor.authorClement, Matthew Thomas ( Orcid Icon 0000-0001-7060-3067 )
dc.contributor.authorPino, Nathan W. ( )
dc.contributor.authorBlaustein, Jarrett ( Orcid Icon 0000-0002-0319-5611 )
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-18T21:04:41Z
dc.date.available2019-11-18T21:04:41Z
dc.date.issued2019-10
dc.identifier.citationClement, M. T., Pino, N. W., & Blaustein, J. (2019). Homicide rates and the multiple dimensions of urbanization: A longitudinal cross-national analysis. Sustainability, 11(20): 5855.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/8836
dc.description.abstractSustainability scholars frame urbanization as a multidimensional concept with divergent environmental impacts. Through synthesizing recent quantitative studies of urbanization in criminology, we evaluated this multidimensional framework in a longitudinal, cross-national analysis of homicide rates for 217 countries between 2000 and 2015. For the analysis, we also highlighted the issue of missing data, a common concern for cross-national scholars in a variety of disciplines. While controlling for other relevant factors, we compared results from panel models that use the common technique of listwise deletion (n = 113) and from structural equation models (SEM) that handle missing values with full information maximum likelihood (n = 216). While the estimates for the control variables are non-significant in the SEM approach, the findings for the urbanization variables were robust and multidimensional. In particular, while the proportion of the population that is urban is positively related to homicide, the proportion of the population living in large cities of at least one million inhabitants is significantly and negatively related to homicide in all models. Given our focus on urbanization, we outline our contribution not only in the context of criminology but also the cross-national sustainability literature, which often uses similar variables with missing values.en_US
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent16 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
dc.sourceSustainability, 2019, Vol. 11, No. 20, Article 5855.
dc.subjectHomicide rates
dc.subjectCross-national
dc.subjectMissing values
dc.subjectUrbanizationen_US
dc.titleHomicide Rates and the Multiple Dimensions of Urbanization: A Longitudinal, Cross-National Analysisen_US
dc.typepublishedVersion
txstate.documenttypeArticle
dc.rights.holder© 2019 The Authors.
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/su11205855
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
dc.description.departmentSociology


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