Measuring Low-Picomolar Apparent Binding Affinities by Minigel Electrophoretic Mobility Shift
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Measuring protein/DNA interactions that have apparent binding affinity constants in the low-picomolar range presents a unique experimental challenge. To probe the sequence specificity of telomere binding proteins, our laboratory has developed an electrophoretic mobility shift assay protocol that allows for the routine measurement of K D,app values in the 1-20 pM range. Here, we describe the protocol and highlight the particular considerations that should be made to successfully and reproducibly measure high-affinity interactions between proteins and single-stranded DNA.