Brief Report: Recent Trends in Prescription Drug Misuse in the United States by Age, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex
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Background: Our aim was to examine changes in U.S. past-year opioid, stimulant, and benzodiazepine PDM and poly-PDM by demographics.
Methods: Data were from the 2015-19 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (N=282,768). The main outcome was annualized change in past-year PDM by demographic characteristic.
Results: The clearest declines were in opioid PDM and poly-PDM (p < 0.001) among adolescents and adults under 35 years, and White, Hispanic, or Multiracial residents. No sex differences were observed.
Conclusions: Unlike opioid PDM and poly-PDM, past-year stimulant and benzodiazepine PDM evidenced limited changes, and adults 35 and older did not evidence PDM declines.